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B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER- 4 NATIONALIST POLITICS AND EXPANSION OF THE SOCIAL BASE  NOTES

B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER- 4 NATIONALIST POLITICS AND EXPANSION OF THE SOCIAL BASE NOTES


After 1800, Groups Of Nationalist Impact And 
Leaders And Groups Began To Emerge
Who Started Thinking In Term Of An Indian Nation 
Self Ruled By The Indian People Themselves

Rise Of Indian National Congress

In 1875 The Indian Association Founded By Surendra 
Nath Banerjee Was The First Organisation 
Representative Of The Educated Middle Class In 
Opposition To The Domination Of The Big Landowners Branches
The Indian National Union Was Founded In 1885 By A. O. Hume
Who was An Ex-serviceman Of The British And A Resident Of Scotland.
On 28 December 1885, The First Session Of The Indian National 
Congress Took Place At The Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit School In Bombay, 
In Which Dada Bhai Naoroji Changed The Name From The Indian 
National Union To The Indian National Congress.
womesh Chandra Banerjee( w.c. Banerjee ) Was The First 
President Of This Session 
Who Was The Advocate Of Kolkata High Court. 
The First Session Was Attended By 72 Members.

Aims and objectives of the Indian National Congress

  • To build the cooperation and awareness of all citizens of India.
  • Demand to the British government to participate in the governance of Indians.
  • To give equal opportunity to Indians in Big government jobs like civil services
  • To Formulate Policies In The Interest Of India
  • To Build National Unity By Eliminating Ethnicity, Provincial And Religious Differences.
  • To Decide The Schedule For The Next Year.
  • Freedom Of Press And Freedom Of Speech

THE PARTITION OF BENGAL

Partition of Bengal Lord Curzon of the British Government, who 
was the Viceroy of India at the time, proposed the partition of Bengal in July 1905, 
and on 16 October 1905, Bengal was partitioned into 
which East Bengal and West Bengal were created
East Bengal was Muslim dominated area 
and West Bengal was a Hindu dominated area
For The Partition Of Bengal, The British Argued That The 
Geographical Position Of Bengal Is Very High, That Is Why Bengal Is Not Developing
Hence The Partition Of Bengal Will Have To Be Done
But For The Partition Of Bengal, The British Had A Different 
Purpose And Purpose Of Hindu Muslim. 
Dissolve Unity And Divide And Ruled A Policy Of Governance
When Lord Curzon, Then Viceroy Of India, Announced 
The Partition Of Bengal In July 1905
Indian National Congress, Initiated Swadeshi 
Movement In Bengal. Swadeshi Movement Was 
Launched As A Protest Movement Which Also Gave A 
Lead To The Boycott Movement In The Country.
The Main Leaders Of Swadeshi Movement Was 
Lala Lajpat Rai 
Bipin Chand Pal
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Their Big Contribution To Spread This Movement In All Over India
Above 1 Crore People Of India Participate In This Moment
The Swadeshi Movement Gradually Spread Throughout 
India, In Which The Indian Public Boycotted The Goods 
From The British, It Had Such An Effect That In 1911 The 
British Government Had To Withdraw The Bengal 
Partition Act.

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