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B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER - 6 SOCIALIST ALTERNATIVES NOTES

B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER - 6 SOCIALIST ALTERNATIVES NOTES


The Revolutionary Extremists 1905 To 1916

Extremists People those Who Knew To Take Away Their 
Right, Not To Ask For It
Extremist Leaders Wanted To Respond To Violence With Violence. 
They Opposed Liberalism

Reason Of The Rise Of Extremist Ideology

  • Excessive Land Tax On Indian Farmers
  • Exploitation Of Indian Workers
  • Failure Of Liberal Congress
  • Curzon's Anti-India Policies
  • Between 1896 And 1900, There Were Terrible Famines In 
    Which More Than 9 Million People Died, They Were A Living   
    Symbol Of The Economic Repercussions Of Foreign Rule In The Eyes Of The Public.
  • In 1904, The Indian Official Secrets Act Limited The Freedom Of The Press.

First Bal Gangadhar Tilak Opposed The Liberal 
Congress And He Told The Congress Session That It 
Is A Holiday Party And With This He Said That The 
People Who Join This Party Are Sycophants
In The Early Twentieth Century, The Militants Had Received A Favorable Political Atmosphere. 
Apart From Tilak, 
The Extremist Leaders Were Lala Lajpat Rai, Arvind 
Ghosh And Bipin Chandra Pal.

The Congress Socialists 

There Was A Political Party Of India Which Was Established In 
1934. The Most Important Icons Of Socialist Ideology In The 
Congress Were Jawaharlal Nehru And Subhash Chandra Bose. 
Jayaprakash Narayan, Phoolan Prasad Verma And A Few 
Others Formed The Samajwadi Party In Bihar In July 1931.
Their Aim Was To Achieve Self-rule In A Socialist 
Manner Through The Platform Of The Indian 
National Congress And Then The Establishment Of Socialism.
Gandhiji Was Grossly Non-violent, While The 
Socialists Favored The Armed Movement As Needed.

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