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B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER-5 GANDHI AND MASS MOBILISATION NOTES

B.A. FIRST YEAR NATIONALISM IN INDIA UNIT 3 CHAPTER-5 GANDHI AND MASS MOBILISATION NOTES


MK GANDHI

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Is Significant 
  • Because He Could Understand And Bring The Indian 
  • Masses Men And Women 
  • Urban And Rural Into The National Movement 
  • It Was A Radical Break From The Earlier Methods Of Struggle. 
  • Gandhi Provided A Program Of Action For Each Sections Of The Society 
  • For Peasantry Non Payment Of Land Tax,
  • For Students BoyCot Of Educational Institutions
  • For Lawyers Desertion Of The Courts
  • For Women Picketing The Liquor Shops Foreign Clothes 
  • Shops And He Asked The People As A Whole To Violate 
  • Lawless Laws
  • His Use Of Hunger Strikes, Mass Demonstration Deliberate 
  • Courting Of Jails Were The Principle Weapon Which He Added To 
  • The Nationalist Struggle.
  • The Period Between 1919 To 1947 Is Marked By Three Important 
  • Struggles
Non-cooperation Movement Of 1920
Civil Disobedience Movement Of 1930
Quit India Movement Of 1942.

The Non Cooperation Movement Was A Significant Movement Which 
Lasted From 1920 To 1922 Organised Resistance To British Occupation 
Of India Through Non Violent Means Like Refusing To Buy British 
Goods, Adapting Local Handicrafts like Khadi And Picketing Of Liquor 
Shops. The Gandhian Ideas Of Ahinsa Or Non-violence Were Put Into 
The Practice And Demonstrated To Hundreds Of Thousands Of People 
And The British Rulers For The First Time On Such A Large Scale.
On February 4, 1922 In The  Chauri Chaura, After Violent Clash 
Between The Local Police And The Protesters In Which Three Protest 
Award Killed By The Police Firing The Police Station Was Set On Fire 
By The Mob Who Had Been Fired Upon Killing 22 Of The Police 
Officers Present Inside.
This Was Unacceptable To Gandhi's Ideas Of Non Violence So He 
Immediately Appealed For The Violent Resistance To End And Finally Called Off This Moment.

The Civil Disobedience Movement Was Launched Under 
Gandhi's Leadership The Simon Commission Constituted In 
November 1927 By The British Government To Prepare And 
Finalise A Constitution For India And Consisting Of Members Of 
British Parliament Only, Was bycotted By All Section Of The 
Indian Political Groups At That Time Including Congress 
As It Was An All White Commission
There Was Massive Oppositions To The Simon Commission In Bengal. 
Massive Demonstration Were Held In Calcutta On 19 February 1928 
The Day Of Simons Arrival In The City. 
Following The Rejection Of Recommendations Of The Simon 
Commission By The Indians And All Party Conference Was Held At 
Bombay In May 1928
In the civil disobedience movement
12 march 1930 Gandhiji broke the salt law at village 
Dandi (Dandi, Gujarat) on the beach. The whole 
country woke up. Every man was looking forward 
to Gandhiji's leadership.
In April 1930 There Were Violent Police Crowd Clashes In 
Calcutta Thousands Of People Were Imprisoned.
In 1931 British Government Agreed To Set All Political 
Prisoners Free So That Gandhi Agreed To Discontinue The Civil 
Disobedience Movement And Participate As A Sole 
Representative Of The Congress In Second Round Table 
Conference Which Was Held In London In September 1931
However The Conference Ended In Failure 
In December 1931 Gandhi Return To India And 
Resumed The Civil Disobedience Movement In 
January 1932 and Later The Quit India Movement Of 
1942 Become The Biggest Civil Disobedience Action 
On The Satyagraha Strategy Of Gandhi.

The Quit India Movement Also Known As August Kranti
The Quit India Movement Was Launched At The Time Of 
World War-ii On 8 August 1942. It Was A Movement 
Aimed At Ending The British Empire From India. This 
Movement Was Started By Mahatma Gandhi At The 
Mumbai Session Of The All India Congress Committee. 
It Began Simultaneously Throughout The Country 
On The Call Of Gandhiji 
It Was Against The British Rule To Liberate India Immediately.

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